The Secretary may bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount of the unpaid minimum wages or overtime compensation and an equal amount as liquidated damages. L. No. An aggrieved individual may contact the Civil Rights Center (CRC) at: Federal Relay Service TTY/TDD: (800) 877-8339; EEOC page on equal pay and compensation discrimination. Names of EEO counselors appear on posters in DOL buildings, and on DOL’s LaborNet website. The districts courts, together with the United States District Court for the District of the Canal Zone, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, and the District Court of Guam shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown, to restrain violations of section 215 [section 15] of this title, including in the case of violations of section 215(a)(2) of this title the restraint of any withholding of payment of minimum wages or overtime compensation found by the court to be due to employees under this chapter (except sums which employees are barred from recovering, at the time of the commencement of the action to restrain the violations, by virtue of the provisions of section 255 of this title [section 6 of the Portal-to-Portal Act of 1947]. (5) constitutes an unfair method of competition. [25][26], In 2005, Senator Hillary Clinton introduced the "Paycheck Fairness Act," which proposed to amend the EPA’s fourth affirmative defense to permit only bona fide factors other than sex that are job-related or serve a legitimate business interest. In determining when an action is commenced by the Secretary of Labor under this subsection for the purposes of the statutes of limitations provided in section 255(a) of this title [section 6(a) of the Portal-to-Portal Act of 1947], it shall be considered to be commenced in the case of any individual claimant on the date when the complaint is filed if he is specifically named as a party plaintiff in the complaint, or if his name did not so appear, on the subsequent date on which his name is added as a party plaintiff in such action. ], if he pleads and proves that the act or omission complained of was in good faith in conformity with and in reliance on any written administrative regulation, order, ruling, approval, or interpretation, of the agency of the United States specified in subsection (b) of this section, or any administrative practice or enforcement policy of such agency with respect to the class of employers to which he belonged.

All forms of compensation are covered, including salary, overtime pay, bonuses, life insurance, vacation and holiday pay, cleaning or gasoline allowances, hotel accommodations, reimbursement for travel expenses, and benefits. The Equal Pay Act (EPA) became law in 1963 as an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).

.table thead th {background-color:#f1f1f1;color:#222;} It is highly probable that the employers may find it advantageous to employ men in positions now filled by women. Instead, the employer must increase the wages of the lower-paid gender. /*-->*/. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. If any provision of this Act or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this Act and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby. “Equal pay” covers not just salary but any form of compensation, including overtime pay, bonuses, profit sharing options, stock options, life insurance and health insurance benefits, travel reimbursements, and vacation and holiday pay. Liability under the EPA is established by meeting the three elements of the prima facie case, regardless of the intention of the employer. 35 et seq.

The site is secure. The 1974 amendments created an exemption for such employees from the overtime provisions only in section 13(b)27.

On January 29, 2009, President Barack Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which overturned the Court's holding in this case.

(e) Any person who violates the provisions of section 212 of this title, relating to child labor, or any regulation issued under that section, shall be subject to a civil penalty of not to exceed $10,000 for each employee who was the subject of such a violation. ", (a) The Congress hereby finds that the existence in industries engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce of wage differentials based on sex-. She is a former writer for The Balance Careers. .agency-blurb-container .agency_blurb.background--light { padding: 0; } .manual-search ul.usa-list li {max-width:100%;} Find your nearest EEOC office div#block-eoguidanceviewheader .dol-alerts p {padding: 0;margin: 0;} What to Do If Your Boss Violates the Equal Pay Act. An official website of the United States government. 5056 Prohibiting Discrimination in Pay on Account of Sex, HR 78A-B1, 06/19/1944, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives (ARC 4397822)", "Federal Employment And Labor Laws / Equal Pay Act of 1963 – EPA – 29 U.S. Code Chapter 8 § 206(d)", Women in America: Indicators of Economic and Social Well-being, https://iwpr.org/issue/employment-education-economic-change/pay-equity-discrimination/, https://www.dol.gov/wb/media/gender_wage_gap.pdf/, Status of Women (Presidential Commission), Report to the American People on Civil Rights, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, John F. Kennedy Federal Building (Boston), John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Equal_Pay_Act_of_1963&oldid=986393913, United States federal civil rights legislation, Anti-discrimination law in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, prevents the maximum utilization of the available, tends to cause labor disputes, thereby burdening, affecting, and obstructing, burdens commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce; and. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Equal Pay Act of 1963. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. L. 88-38) (EPA), as amended, as it appears in volume 29 of the United States Code, at section 206 (d). 9203 (1963) (Rep. Colmer); Id.

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