Until that time, for those interested in the pyramid we are diligently working to preserve, below is a short introduction on the rise of urban civilization, as well as Manuel Aguilar-Moreno's description of Tenayuca, which can now be found in the urban town of San Bartolo Tenayuca in the municipality of Tlalnepantla. In subsequent generations, this center lost much of its power and was moved to Tetzcoco. Aztec influence is apparent from the third stage in 1351, the following stages were purely Aztec in style, as demonstrated by the sloping tiers of the pyramid rather than the vertical walls apparent in the earlier stages. This simple act enabled mighty civilizations to flourish. A disquieting Aztec sculpture displays hundreds of stone skulls representing the victims of human sacrifice. This page was last modified on 20 February 2015, at 21:22. Sign up for our newsletter and enter to win the second edition of our book. Some experts believe the New Fire ceremony was also performed at the Tenayuca Aztec pyramid in Tlalnepantla, based on archaeological details discovered at the site. 109]. The early phases of Tenayuca’s pyramid construction began after the fall of Tula (1200 C.E.) Create New Account. Quetzalcoatl S/N, San Bartolo Tenayuca, 54150 Tlalnepantla de Baz, Méx. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. In the case of Tenayuca, the size of the building increased through six phases of construction but the basic form remained unchanged. [1], Tenayuca means walled place in Nahuatl.[1]. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. No purchase necessary. The pyramid had no obvious entrance, due to its deteriorated condition, but the archaeologists decided to begin tunnelling on the north side, where colonial construction had damaged it. Oct 2, 2019 - Discover Pyramids of Tenayuca in Tlalnepantla de Baz, Mexico: A barbarous band of serpents guard the bases of these Aztec temples. All layers follow the same system of construction, patterns of decoration, and layout. By using this site, you agree to this use. [2] Xolotl was succeeded by Nopaltzin who consolidated the Chichimec Kingdom . The success of such work depends, in part, on active dialogue among a widening group of collaborators. Tenayuca (Nahuatl: tenanyōcān[pronunciation?]) Aztec influence was visible by 1325 C.E. Photography: González y González, Fernando, Aguilar-Moreno, Manuel, and the Laughing Hollsten Family Foundation. Some of the temple steps are carved with year-glyphs such as knives, circles and shields. [2][9], The site consists of a massive pyramidal platform with a double stairway rising on the western side to where the twin temples of Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli once stood. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. The gods Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc, Mixcoatl, Itzpapalotl, Chicomecoatl, and Coatlicue were worshiped there. The earliest structure has carved stone slabs facing a rock core. A year glyph, a linked rectangle and triangle, banners, concentric circles, a knife, turquoise, chimallis or shields, and precious stones are still visible. Winner will be selected at random on 12/01/2020. [1], Tenayuca means walled place in Nahuatl.[1]. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. 110]. As part of the ritual, they would tie together bundles of 52 reeds, representing the closed cycle, and burn them. This article offers a brief introduction to one of many such cultural conservation projects aimed at preserving our common global heritage. Archaeological Sites / © 2020 Atlas Obscura. In the Postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology, Tenayuca was a settlement on the former shoreline of the western arm of Lake Texcoco. It’s believed this is where the ashes of the destroyed years were buried. A barbarous band of serpents guard the bases of these Aztec temples. On the north and south sides of the pyramid, at ground level, are two sculptures of coiled serpents . The pyramid and its museum are open to the public Tuesday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Immerse yourself in the complex cultural identity of Mexico City through its street food, bustling markets, and well-seasoned history of gastronomic traditions. The last phase of construction probably dates to 1507 and measures 62 meters wide by 50 meters deep. Mexico is considered one of the countries with the most UNESCO World Heritage sites. No purchase necessary. or. Tenayuca’s pyramid is composed of several superimposed layers [Fig. [1][2], There are several altars and shrines nearby that were also excavated, some of these also have serpent sculptures. [5] Around 1434, Tenochtitlan conquered Tenayuca, bringing it into the Aztec Empire. No need to register, buy now! Like lots of other temple sites, Tenayuca represents multiple construction phases built one atop another. 111]. #conservation #historical #mexico #unescoworldheritage, This website uses cookies to improve service and provide tailored ads. Tunnelling techniques were based on various team members' experience at Teotihuacan and Tenayuca. This area has been labelled Tenayuca II by archaeologists and appears to have gone through various phases of construction.[1]. All the serpent sculptures around the pyramid were associated with fire and sun worship. [7], At some point the site was abandoned. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. It was rediscovered during excavations made by Mexican archaeologists in 1925. Aguilar-Moreno, Manuel. Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. Our historical restoration team has been contracted to clean the surfaces of the pyramids without damaging the substrate of the rock. Most notable is the “tomb of the years,” an altar decorated with imagery of human skulls and bones, found in the base of the pyramid. The next one should come in 2027. The population is said to have increased in the early Post-classic and continued to increase after the fall of Tula, when Tenayuca is thought to have became a significant regional power. The altar is now housed on permanent exhibition at the archaeological museum at Tenayuca, also known as the Museo Xólotl (Xolotl Museum). During the pre-Columbian period, this ceremony was held in Tenochtitlan and later moved to Cerro de la Estrella, in modern-day Mexico City. After the site came under Aztec control, an elaborate pyramid complex was constructed. Snakes' rattles were detailed by carving three stepped planes at the tip of their tails. On the outskirts of Mexico City stand the ruins of an ancient pyramid that is surrounded by what appears to be an army of stone serpents. [7], 200 meters from the main pyramid of Tenayuca are the remains of what appear to have been an elite residential complex, with surviving plaster floors in some rooms. By the mid 14th century the power of Tenayuca had already waned, it was conquered and replaced as a regional power by nearby Azcapotzalco. See more of Pyramid of Tenayuca on Facebook. A xiuhcoatl statue at the Aztec site of Tenayuca.

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